Before moving towards flora and fauna, let’s discuss how flora and fauna makes valley of flowers interesting.
If you wish to know what makes valley of flowers exciting, you need to check flora and fauna. It maintains the beauty of valley of flowers. However, this naturally abundant region of Himalaya is a home of flora. This place is mostly viewed by a lot of botanists, nature lovers, and trek lovers. You can see both the threatened medical plant species and various hues in this valley. In case you are a summer person, you can get a lot of ornamented along with vibrant flowers from valley of flowers in the warmth months of the year.
After understanding how flora and fauna makes valley of flowers beautiful. Now, let us talk about flora and fauna in brief.
Flora in Valley of Flowers
For professional photographers and shutterbugs canvas is found in the Valley of Flowers. Along with this, it is considered home for Himalayan Flora. It contains a lot of rare medical plants such as Aconitum heterophyllum, A. Falconeri, Arnebia benthamii, Dactylorzhiza hatagirea, Picrorhiza kurroa, Podophyllum haxandrum, Aconitum violaceum, and many more.
Apart from this, the Valley of Flowers contains 520 species of high-altitude plants along with angiosperms, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes, in which 498 are flowering plants. Flowers that spread the carpet on the valley of flowers contains Poppins, Orchids, Marigold, Primilas, Daisies, and many more.
Fauna in Valley of Flowers
The Valley of flowers is completely safe and termed home for Himalayan Fauna. It ensures the safety of a lot of rare animal species. This park maintains a record of 13 species of mammals including the grey langur, flying squirrel, red fox, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan weasel, Himalayan yellow-throated marten, Himalayan goral, Himalayan musk deer, and many more.
Along with this, the Valley of Flowers accommodates various avifaunal species including Lammergeyer, Himalayan vulture, yellow-billed and red-billed choughs, Himalayan monal pheasant, and many more. Remember that it also contains some reptile species, wild bees and many species of butterflies.
Why the Valley of Flowers Needs Protection?
The Valley of Flowers is situated in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. Apart from this, it is termed national park spread around 85.70 sq. km. In short, the reserves provide protection against transition zone which lies between the Great Himalayan and Zanskar ranges. Along with this the Valley of Flowers gets protection under provisions of the Wildlife protection Act, 1972, and it is termed one of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere reserves from 2004.
Efforts Made to Protect Valley of Flowers
The certain efforts taken to protect Valley of flowers in different ways. It starts with the Uttarakhand State Forest Department monitors the limited routes nearby the forest on regular places. Along with this, the local community programmes in the forest conservative area. In order to provide better life to wild animals, the valley is strictly reserved. Don’t forget that the development activities like hydro projects are strictly banned in the valley of flowers.